Scala is a general purpose programming language that compiles to Java bytecode, therefore, it will run on the JVM . You can code is Scala using an object-oriented approach or a functional approach but almost everybody who codes in Scala tries to do it using the second one. But, why?
You only need to search on Google and you will find the benefits that are told for many people about immutability like: Thread Safe, Concurrency, Scalability, Maintainability, Performance and many more.
This post will not try to explain these benefits or even to convince you about the immutability. It will only try to perform a very easy coding test. I will try to solve a project-euler 's problem using both approaches, specifically, the problem 2 .
Even Fibonacci numbers
Each new term in the Fibonacci sequence is generated by adding the previous two terms. By starting with 1 and 2, the first 10 terms will be:
1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, ...
By considering the terms in the Fibonacci sequence whose values do not exceed four million, find the sum of the even-valued terms.
Note: Without the time wrapper, measuring directly the elapsed time, the results are much better.
Although the two algorithms obtain the same result ( All roads lead to Rome ) you can see which kind of code will be more maintainable, will work better when you build concurrent systems and will perform better.
It is true that coding in a functional way is not easy, especially when the language has not been designed to do it, but in Scala you can choose the way, therefore, it is up to you.